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HomeEconomyFarmers need encouragement, not education MPNRC
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Farmers need encouragement, not education MPNRC

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Soil is the basis of life. 12-15 inches of top soil is the basis for 87% of life on this planet, which includes us. Plants, birds, animals, insects and worms – all thrive on the richness of the top soil. But in the last 100-150 years, we have destroyed more than 50% of this precious soil, which generates 95% of our food.

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For any soil to have agricultural potential, it must have at least 3-6% organic content. But 62% of India’s land has less than 0.5% organic material and is on the verge of desertification. In Northern Europe, the organic content is about 2%, and in Southern Europe, it is more than 1% of the shade. In the United States, 30% of the top soil is simply gone.

About 51 million square kilometers of land, which is more than 50% of the usable land on the planet, is currently under agriculture. It is a land that man is paying attention to every day. So, this is the land that we must traverse first, and it is possible to do so if we take the necessary steps. Either in the form of animal waste, from plants, shrubs, trees or whatever, you have to put back organic material.

leave agriculture to the farmers

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Immediately, people would jump the gun and say, “Let’s do organic farming”. They talk about these things because it is fashionable. But if you remove all pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers from the planet today, global food production could drop by as much as 25% of the time. This will be the worst disaster you will ever face on the planet.

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It is very important to understand that farmers do not enjoy throwing manure. Manure is very expensive. They are throwing it because the condition of the soil is such that if you don’t fertilize enough, nothing will come out of it. So, don’t advocate different types of farming as if it is your religion or philosophy; There is no farming either. It is a practical solution to our nutritional needs.

Also, the agricultural economy is so fragile that if you suddenly try to make a change, the whole thing will collapse. Farmers are already struggling for their livelihood. Therefore, it is not fair to expect a poor farmer to save the environment. The important thing is to increase the richness of the soil and the method of cultivation should be left to the farmers.

Encourage farmers to improve organic material

United Nations agencies are saying that there is only arable land for 80-100 crops on the earth. This means we will run out of soil in 45-60 years. If this happens, there will be a serious food crisis on the planet.

This is the reason why we have adopted Chetan Graha – Save Soil Movement. As part of the movement, we are trying to touch 3.5 billion citizens worldwide, to influence all political parties and governments to adopt long-term soil regeneration policies.

Right now, the simple way to prevent this soil extinction is to provide incentives for every farmer in the world to improve the organic content in agricultural soils. Establish 3% organic content as a minimum average and provide the first level of attractive incentives for farmers willing to get there. Industry and businesses can facilitate carbon credit systems as a second line of incentive for farmers. The third level of incentive is market recognition – food products grown in soil with a minimum 3-6% organic content should get a separate shelf and will naturally get a better price. So, with these three incentives, we can steer ourselves in a direction where there should be at least 3% organic content in 6-8 years.

why should we act now

The time has come when we need to address the soil and take corrective measures. If we start now, then in 15-25 years there will be a significant change. But suppose we wait another 25-50 years, and then try to reverse it, they say it may take up to 200 years to reverse. And that period is going to be disastrous for man as a species.

Taking care of the soil, ensuring that there is no desertification and erosion of the soil’s richness, is our foremost responsibility as a generation of people. This one thing should be taken as an express mission by every citizen, every government of many countries on this planet. Without ensuring the prosperity of the soil, we are sacrificing life in a way. Please, let us complete it.

One of the fifty most influential people in India, Sadhguru is a yogi, mystic, visionary and a New York Times bestselling author. He has been awarded the Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India in 2017, the highest annual civilian award given for exceptional and distinguished service.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not represent the stand of this publication.

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