A study has found that fatigue, abdominal pain, mood swings, trouble remembering and rashes are among the top symptoms of prolonged covid in children aged 0-14 years.
This confirms that children tested positive can experience prolonged COVID symptoms lasting at least two months.
The study, which claims to have the greatest prevalence of long-term COVID symptoms in children aged 0-14, examined the duration of symptoms along with quality of life scores.
Published in The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, the research confirmed that children with a positive COVID test were more likely to experience at least one symptom for more than two months after infection, compared to children who never The disease was not detected.
The study used a national-level sample of children in Denmark and matched COVID-19 positive cases with a control group of children with a prior history of infection.
It found that in the older age groups (12-14 years), quality of life scores were higher and there were fewer reports of anxiety for children who tested positive for COVID-19 than children who did not. were not, which were probably associated with awareness. Epidemics and social restrictions.
The study authors believe that knowledge of the long-term COVID burden in children is essential to guide clinical recognition, caregiving strategies, and social decisions such as lockdowns and vaccinations.
Previous studies of long-term COVID in young people have focused on adolescents, with infants and children rarely under-represented.
The authors recommend further research to better understand the long-term consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on all children.
“The overall aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of long-lasting symptoms in children and infants, with quality of life, and absence from school or day care,” said Selina Kikenborg Berg, an author and professor at the University Hospital of Copenhagen. he said. Denmark. “Our results suggest that, although children with a positive COVID-19 diagnosis are more likely to experience long-lasting symptoms than children with a previous COVID-19 diagnosis, the pandemic has affected the lives of all young people. It has affected every aspect.”
how the study was conducted
In this research, surveys were sent to mothers or guardians of children between 0-14 years of age who tested positive for COVID between January 2020 and July 2021.
The Lancet’s press release stated that “in total, responses were received for approximately 11,000 children with positive COVID-19 test results, matched by age and gender, of more than 33,000 children who had never tested positive for COVID-19.” did not test positive for
The survey asked participants about the 23 most common symptoms of chronic COVID in children and used the World Health Organization’s definition of chronic COVID as symptoms lasting more than two months.
The study noted that the most common symptoms among 0-3 year olds were mood swings, rashes and abdominal pain.
Among those aged 4 to 11, the most commonly reported symptoms were mood swings, trouble remembering or concentrating, and rashes, and among those aged 12–14, fatigue, mood swings, and trouble remembering or concentrating .
The results of the study found that children diagnosed with COVID-19 in all age groups were more likely to experience at least one symptom for two months or more than the control group.
The types of non-specific symptoms often associated with long-term COVID-19 are experienced by healthy children; Headaches, mood swings, abdominal pain and fatigue are all common symptoms that children experience that are not related to COVID-19.
“However, this study showed that children with a positive COVID-19 diagnosis were more likely to experience long-lasting symptoms than children who never had a positive diagnosis, suggesting that These symptoms were the presentation of prolonged covid,” the study said.
The authors claim that the analysis is supported by “about a third of children with positive COVID-19 tests who experience symptoms that were not present before SARS-CoV-2 infection. In addition, with increasing duration of symptoms, The proportion of children with those symptoms goes down.”
Limitations of the Study
The authors acknowledge that the study has some limitations such as a long recall period between diagnosis and survey taking.
Also, the research relied on parent-reported data, which is less accurate for psychotic symptoms. “This may also lead to selection bias because mothers and guardians of children with more severe symptoms are often eager to respond, so the results represent the children most affected,” the report said.
In addition, public testing for COVID-19 was only available from August 2020, meaning that some children in the control group may have had asymptomatic infections.
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