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HomeNationalLumpy skin disease is similar to bovine covid; 7,500 dead, the...
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Lumpy skin disease is similar to bovine covid; 7,500 dead, the numbers are rising MPNRC News

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Chandigarh: Humans may have partially defeated Covid, but just like the pandemic that has plagued humanity for nearly two years, another bovine disease has spread – Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is infecting cows and buffaloes across northern India.

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About 7,500 cows and buffaloes have died of Lumpy Skin Disease in North India. The highest number of these deaths have been reported in Rajasthan – 5,800, followed by the state that reported LSD for the first time this year, Gujarat, where 1,400 cows were reported dead. 75 cows have died in Punjab and 40 in Uttar Pradesh.

From Haryana and Uttarakhand, LSD has been reported in bovine but little is known about the number of deaths. 400 cows have been infected with LSD in Uttarakhand. But now Rajasthan has been hit the hardest.

Barmer and Jodhpur districts of Rajasthan are the worst affected

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A total of 1,20,700 cows have been affected in Rajasthan, of which 5,800 cows have died. According to the animal husbandry department in Rajasthan, a total of 94,000 cows have been diagnosed with the disease and 42,000 have recovered. The two districts of Barmer and Jodhpur are the worst affected with a total of 2,129 deaths – 822 in Jodhpur and 1,307 in Barmer. Elsewhere in the state, Ganganagar recorded 840 deaths, followed by Jalore with 580 and Bikaner with 527.

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Sources said rural areas of Rajasthan are littered with dead bodies, and authorities are facing a major challenge in controlling diseases spread by flies and mosquitoes.

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LSD outbreak occurred in Gujarat in the first week of July

An outbreak of LSD was first reported in Gujarat earlier this year in July. It has been reported for the first time in 14 districts out of 33 districts of Gujarat. By the first week of August, more than 37,000 cases and 1,400 cattle deaths were reported, with Kutch being the worst-affected district. Due to this disease, the Netra Pashu Mela to be held next month has also been cancelled.

But the biggest concern is that milk production has been affected. In Gujarat alone, the outbreak of Lumpy Skin Disease has reduced milk production considerably.

Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Uttarakhand are also affected

In the four less affected states, however, 115 cattle deaths, mainly cows, have been reported – 75 in Punjab and 40 in Uttar Pradesh. There have also been reports of cows dying due to LSD in Haryana. However, there is no confirmation on the death toll. 400 cases of cattle infected with LSD have been reported in Uttarakhand.

In Punjab, 1,500 cases of LSD were reported – Fazilka reported the highest number of cases – 1,300 and Muktsar 886. Karamjit Khedi of Laltan village in Ludhiana said, “A farmer in my village has lost a cow. And many other cows are lonely. This is the only way to deal with this disease, quarantine the cow for 14 days, she is lucky if she survives. It is slowly spreading to this part of the state.” Kiranveer Mangat, another farmer from Bhaini Sahib in Ludhiana, said, “Cows, mainly cows and buffaloes, in villages in Punjab bordering Rajasthan are affected. Most of the deaths have been reported from there. “

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A farmer reported the death of five cows in Radaur in Haryana’s Yamunanagar district. This single incident is indicative of what may be happening elsewhere in the state, but Dr Surya Kumar, Deputy Director of Animal Husbandry, Haryana, said, “Things are under control now and protocols and dos and don’ts should be followed. has been shared with farmers and dairy owners. Overall, death figures from Haryana are not yet available and are also not available from Uttarakhand.

Milk production was particularly hit in Gujarat

With thousands of cattle infected with LSD, including cows and buffaloes, milk production has been badly affected across northern India. Milk production in Gujarat has decreased by 50 thousand liters per day. In Rajasthan, more than 100 dairies in Jodhpur and Barmer, which used to order 700 to 800 liters of milk per day, are getting 300 liters of milk per day. This is evident when cows and buffaloes are exposed to LSD. Not only is the product compromised, but consumers are also afraid to consume milk, especially infants and school-going children.

Although milk production has not declined in Punjab and Haryana, consumers are still apprehensive. The consumption of dairy products has not decreased but consumption of milk for direct drinking has been affected.

What is lumpy skin disease?

Caused by LSD Cattle or water buffalo by infection with the poxvirus lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV). According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the mortality rate is less than 10 percent.

when it was first reported

LSD or lumpy skin disease was first reported In 1929 in Zambia. Initially, it was thought to be the result of poisoning or hypersensitivity to mosquito and insect bites. In India, it was first reported in Odisha and West Bengal in 2019. In Gujarat, the first case of LSD was reported in July 2022. From there it spread to neighboring Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab.

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infection

Lumpy skin disease is spread in animals through insect and mosquito bites.

symptoms

Fever, discharge from the eyes, runny nose, salivation from the mouth and blisters on the body. Bovine stops eating and has difficulty chewing or eating resulting in reduced milk production.

Prevention and treatment

To prevent disease from being vaccinated That’s one part that’s important against LSD livestock Health and Disease Control Program of India. however, There are no specific antiviral drugs Lumps are available to treat skin diseases. The only treatment is to treat skin lesions using wound care sprays, etc., and use antibiotics to prevent secondary skin infections and pneumonia. Anti-inflammatory pain relievers may be used.

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