Rain forecast in some parts of the country amid continuous heat wave
Heat wave conditions are likely to prevail over most parts of the country for the next few days, although some areas may get relief in the form of rain over the weekend. Meanwhile, the National Health Authority has also issued an advisory to prevent heatstroke.
In the weather advisory issued by the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) on Saturday, it has been said that continuous heat will continue in the country for the next one week. However, some respite from the heat is expected over most parts of the country from the evening of Saturday, 14th May to Tuesday, 17th May due to dust storm, dust storm and few rain showers at isolated places across the country.
The Meteorological Department warned that the temperature is likely to rise again from Wednesday, May 18. It said the extreme hot and dry weather could put pressure on water bodies, crops, vegetables and orchards. This could lead to an increase in the demand for energy and water and Salah called upon the public to make judicious use of these resources in all aspects of life.
However, increased warming could mean that glaciers are melting faster and water base flows in rivers may increase during the next week.
It warned that individuals could suffer heatstroke due to the high temperatures, with senior citizens and children being most vulnerable.
The public was advised to avoid unnecessary exposure to direct sunlight and to take precautionary measures.
Farmers were advised to manage their working hours and water for crops accordingly. Animals and birds were advised to take special care of the needs of animals and pets.
The advisory comes a day after Pakistan won the incredible honor of becoming the first region in the world to record 50 degrees centigrade in the Northern Hemisphere, staggering in “longevity and strength” in a hot spell, as Scottish meteorologists Scott had said. Duncan on his Twitter account
The National Institutes of Health (NIH), the federal health body, on Saturday issued a public advisory on managing heat and sunstroke in the midst of the most intense and longest summer in the country.
The head of the Field Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Division at the NIH said that high temperatures in different parts of the country could lead to an increase in mortality due to heatstroke.
Intended to sensitize health institutions and authorities to take timely action and prepare for response in their respective areas, heat stroke is a preventable medical emergency that can be fatal if not managed properly.
Heatstroke is a form of hyperthermia in which the body temperature rises and it fails to sweat rapidly, the NIH explained, in which case, the body is unable to cool down, and the body temperature can rise as high as 41 °C. . High within 10 to 15 minutes when the body is unable to dissipate heat through the skin or by evaporation of sweat. In vigorous physical exertion under high environmental temperature, humidity or sunlight, the body may overheat.
Another factor in heatstroke is dehydration. The advisory states that a dehydrated person may not sweat fast enough to dissipate heat.
Heatstroke, the NIH warns, can lead to death or end-organ damage or disability if not managed properly in time.
Infants over the age of 65 and the elderly, diabetics, hypertensive people, athletes and outdoor workers are at higher risk of heatstroke.
Heatstroke symptoms and treatment
The NIH reports that common signs and symptoms of heatstroke are hot and dry skin or excessive sweating with hot red or flushed dry skin.
It is accompanied by weakness, lethargy, throbbing headache, increased body temperature, irritability, dizziness, decreased urine output and heat rash (reddish clusters of acne or small blisters).
The following steps are recommended for treating people displaying symptoms of heatstroke:
- The most important step is to lower the patient’s temperature. To do this, the patient should be moved to a shady area, unnecessary clothing should be removed and cool lukewarm water should be applied to the skin while soaking the remaining clothing with water.
- Promote sweat evaporation by placing the patient in front of a fan and ice pack under the armpit and waist.
- Encourage frequent oral fluid intake in conscious patients.
- Notify emergency services immediately as severe cases require hospitalization and intravenous re-hydrator.
- Monitor body temperature with a thermometer and continue cooling efforts until body temperature drops to 38 °C. Anti-pyretics may be given once the body temperature drops to 38°C or less.
The following measures were suggested to the public and health authorities to prevent heatstroke:
- People should be educated through awareness messages to drink plenty of water while limiting time, being in direct sunlight in hot humid climates or places with high environmental temperatures, avoiding getting dehydrated and exercising excessively (physically in hot and humid weather). activities) should be avoided.
- Raise a generalized awareness of the early signs and symptoms of dehydration, and later develop signs and symptoms of heatstroke such as muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, light-headedness, and even heart palpitations.
- Individuals working in direct sunlight should prevent dehydration and heatstroke by taking time out from the sun and drinking plenty of water and fluids. Suspected patients should also avoid the use of caffeine, including soft drinks and tea, which may increase dehydration.
The advice should encourage people to consume enough salt and mineral-rich foods (hypertensive patients should consult their doctors in this regard), and to wear hats and light-coloured, light-colored clothing in hot humid environmental conditions. And loose clothes should be worn.